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Hans-Peter Lenhof

Parkinson’s disease (PD) emerges as a complex, multifactorial disease. While there is increasing evidence that dysregulated T cells play a central role in PD pathogenesis, elucidation of the pathomechanical changes in related signaling is still in its beginnings. We employed time-resolved RNA expression upon the activation of peripheral CD4+ T cells to track and functionally relate changes on cellular signaling in representative cases of patients at different stages of PD.
Background: As microRNA-142 (miR-142) is the only human microRNA gene where mutations have consistently been found in about 20% of all cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we wanted to determine the impact of miR-142 inactivation on protein expression of DLBCL cell lines. Methods: miR-142 was deleted by CRISPR/Cas9 knockout in cell lines from DLBCL. Results: By proteome analyses, miR-142 knockout resulted in a consistent up-regulation of 52 but also down-regulation of 41 proteins in GC-DLBCL lines BJAB and SUDHL4.
Machine learning methods trained on cancer cell line panels are intensively studied for the prediction of optimal anti-cancer therapies. While classification approaches distinguish effective from ineffective drugs, regression approaches aim to quantify the degree of drug effectiveness. However, the high specificity of most anti-cancer drugs induces a skewed distribution of drug response values in favor of the more drug-resistant cell lines, negatively affecting the classification performance (class imbalance) and regression performance (regression imbalance) for the sensitive cell lines.